Within a delay of 4 years, corresponding to an Executive Board mandate, ARWA will promote 16 interdisciplinary workshops, at different venues, each one during 2,5 days, with 30 participants, open to attendees, for a budget at the charge of the venue Organizers.
The workshops will respect standard procedures.
The papers will follow a common format, elaborated collectively by the Executive Board and the Liaison Group members.
They will be edited by the Organizers and published in the same Collection.
International Research Workshops
Provisional Programme (2021-2022)
1°) (2-4 June 2021) ‘Sumer and the Sea’ – Rome – Organized by Licia Romano (Delta – Shoreline – Water management facilities, Harbours, Basins, Canals),
Contact: Licia Romano
The Mesopotamian culture flourished on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in a landscape that was impacted by several changes during the last 6000 years following the last post-glacial rise and stabilization of the sea-level. The ancient shoreline was located about 250-260 km inland from the present coastline and was formed by Tigris and Euphrates deltas. Inhabiting an area located near the 30th parallel north, inside the semi-arid zone, Sumerian society development was strongly connected to the exploitation of the fluvial systems, the sea, and the peculiar marsh environment created by them.
On the one hand, the natural occurrence of crevasse splays was surely at the basis of the first form of controlled irrigation and agriculture, while on the other, sea, rivers and channels were perfect trade routes through which Sumer was afforded access to a wide spectrum of resources. Nonetheless, 3rd mill. BC Southern Mesopotamian population had to cope with a fragile environment, strongly affected by complex natural processes, including floods, sea-level fluctuations and climatic changes occurring during the Holocene.
The Workshop “Sumer and the Sea: Deltas, Shoreline, and Urban Water Management in 3rd Millennium Mesopotamia” will focus on the interaction between Sumerians and their water-dominated environment. The new data, obtained through remote sensing and through geological coring, will allow us to discuss the evolution of the ancient shoreline, whose progradation during the centuries profoundly modified the landscape and affected the life of Southern Mesopotamian settlements. The presentation of the recent archaeological and geo-archaeological research in Southern Iraq, together with the coeval cuneiform sources, will enrich our historical perspectives on the way in which Sumerians adapted to the marshy environment, using and managing water outside and inside the cities. A special session of the workshop will be devoted to the presentation and analysis of the different research strategies and methods which are now currently being used. This will lead to a concluding discussion of the shared practical issues and challenges encountered by archaeo-geological work in Iraq.
2°) (25-27 November 2021) ‘Heritage and Society’ – Paris – Organized by the Heritage Liaison Group,
Contact: ARWA Heritage
The concept of heritage has been in contrast and sometimes inconsistent with other components of social life, i.e. economic interests, religious beliefs or political issues, etc.. Studies about the protection, reconstruction, and sustainability of cultural heritage do not often take into consideration the social attitude towards cultural heritage, including the acts of preservation and destruction.
This workshop will mainly address the social aspect of heritage. Papers should follow and address one or more of the following points:
- Analyzing the different trajectories followed in using cultural heritage in the social and political construction, the impact of these strategies on local societies and on heritage itself.
- Investigating and analyzing the existence and effect of cultural initiatives promoted by local communities, their significance and impact.
- People’s attachment and attitudes towards cultural heritage, their response to cultural policies and their perception of the major heritage discoveries. Trying to illustrate: how cultural heritage began to influence societal regeneration during and after long periods of social crises.
- Investigating and analyzing some extraordinary phenomena such as the destruction of significant heritage monuments by radical groups, its origins, cause and impact on the local society as well as the impact of illicit trafficking on people’s cultural heritage.
The workshop is planned for two/three days of presentations followed by half a day in which a round table will discuss the main issues presented in the presentations trying to formulate scientific-based understanding of the society’s perception of heritage and trying to identify best practices.
3°) (2-3 December 2021) ‘The end of Kura-Araxes phenomenon, and the EB/MB transition in the South Caucasus’ – Lyon – Organized by Bérengère Perello & Ruben Badalyan.
Contact: Bérengère Perello
In the list of crucial issues associated with the study of the Kura-Araxes culture (3600/3500-2500 cal BC), the questions of its rise, expansion and fall are still the most compelling. The scope of this conference is to focus on this transitional phase between the demise of the Kura-Araxes culture and the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age, between about 2500 and 2000 cal BC.
Thus, the main objective of the conference is to present new data- archaeological materials and radiocarbon dates – that contribute to the establishment of the chronology of events that led to the collapse of the Kura-Araxes culture and the formation of a spectrum of Middle Bronze Age cultures.Within this framework, we propose to discuss questions of absolute chronology, cultural attribution and distinct local trajectories of the archaeological complexes of the South Caucasus in the second half of the 3rd millennium BC. All the possible scenarios that could explain settlement abandonment and mechanisms of cultural change will be scrutinize.
4°) (24-26 February 2022) ‘Houses and collective constructions: defining the habitat and social activities of Neolithic societies in Western Asia (Levant, Mesopotamia, Iran) – Barcelona – Organized by Miquel Molist & Anna Gómez-Bach.
Contact: Joaquim Sisa.
Participation is open to all those contributions related to the study of social spaces, either their shape and structure or their uses through the archaeological record. The purpose is to better understand the use of space, as well as the architecture of inhabited spaces during the Neolithisation process, that is, from Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic to Late Neolithic (10000 BC to 5500 BC) from the Levant region to Iran.
5)° (15-17 March 2022) ‘Territories, Highways and Crossroads in Central Eurasia. Advances in Concepts, Archaeology, and Return from Palaeolithic to Antiquity’ – Nanterre – Co-organized by CNRS Research Team “Archaeology of Central Asia”, UMR 7041 ArScAn (Olivier Bordeaux, Frédérique Brunet, and Aurore Didier) and Roma Tre University, Department of Humanities (Enrico Ascalone).
Contact: Frédérique Brunet
This International Research Workshop ARWA proposes, through recent archaeological research and new methodological insights, a critical and comprehensive exploration of the concepts of territories and crossroads, from Prehistory to Antiquity in Central Asia and neighbouring regions (Siberia, Xinjiang, Indus, Baluchistan, and Khorasan). Central Eurasia has lately attracted much attention in connection with recent scholarship, and new approaches, demonstrating the existence since the earliest times of very long-distance relationships and exchanges, of various cultural interactions, including migrations or invasions, long before the “Silk Roads” concept appeared. This is the place also of great Bronze and Iron Age civilizations both in steppe and oasis areas, and original human societies since prehistoric times displaying very specific cultural, economical, technical and social features. During Antiquity, this history continued, either as a part of vast foreign and powerful agrarian empires (Achaemenid, Hellenistic, Han and, in several regards, Parthian and Kushan), all characterized by their complexity and expansion, either as powerful nomadic tribal confederations (Saka or Xiongnu), antagonist/complementary to empires. Central Eurasia, thanks to its position at the heart of multiple exchanges roads, and through its connections to various landscapes, from the Northern steppes to the Southern fertile valleys, with vast deserts in its central part, and high corridors and passes in the Hindu Kush, Himalayan, Tianshan and Altay regions, challenges modern scholars by the large embrace it requires. Interdisciplinarity now requires a multilateral, longue durée perspective on material and sources, and a fresh pondering on concepts. Thus, this workshop aims to address new methodologies, techniques, data and results, and to discuss them in the light of a multi-disciplinary approach, highlighting that Central Eurasia is all through its history an open system, yet culturally unique.